Ear to the Ground features voices from serveral corners of the mathematics education world.

# Browse

### Margaret Rathouz, Nesrin Cengiz-Phillips, and Angela S. Krebs

Issues of equity in mathematics classrooms existed prior to COVID-19. For many students, however, meaningful participation in mathematical discussions became nearly impossible in online settings during the pandemic. In this study, we note the diversity in and nature of participation in mathematical discourse in an online course for preservice teachers (PSTs). We investigate the influence of implementing two support strategies for discussion: (a) establishing a “rough-draft/revision” orientation to mathematical tasks; and (b) providing time and structure (tasks and prompts) in an online discussion board for PSTs to post their initial thoughts, react to peers’ solutions, and collectively revise their ideas. In this article, we highlight several benefits of these support strategies to equitable PST participation in a unit on number theory. For example, as compared with oral discussions where only a few PSTs offered their ideas, the written discussion format encouraged every PST to post their ideas. Using a rough-draft/revision stance in the prompts fostered sharing and revealed diverse mathematical approaches, perspectives, and ideas. We argue that giving students opportunities to interact with one another and the mathematics in a variety of ways promotes equitable participation.

### Sheldon P. Gordon and Michael B. Burns

We introduce variations on the Fibonacci sequence such as the sequences where each term is the sum of the previous three terms, the difference of the previous two, or the product of the previous two. We consider the issue of the ratio of the successive terms in ways that reinforce key behavioral concepts of polynomials.

### Ruthmae Sears

This article describes how visual representations can help develop students’ reasoning and proof skills.

### Hanan Alyami

During a Desmos activity, students adjust the measures of angles in radians to reposition a laser and a mirror so the beam passes through three stationary targets. The Radian Lasers activity can be extended to simulate project-based learning.

### Patrick Sullivan

Draw on two simulations to introduce compound events and help your class make connections between experimental and theoretical probabilities.

### Amanda T. Sugimoto and Heidi Meister

The authors draw on collaboration with a group of teachers to describe how three-act tasks could be (re)designed and implemented for online synchronous and asynchronous learning, identifying technological factors that teachers might consider.

### Caleb Goff

This article describes how using music and the TikTok platform can help students recall mathematical definitions in a whimsical and relatable way.

### WenYen (Jason) Huang

The author discusses “synthesizing" teaching practice, which encourages students to explore patterns and its underlying mathematics structure through technology.

### Michael S. Meagher, Michael Todd Edwards, and S. Asli Özgün-Koca

Using technology to explore a rich task, students must reconcile discrepancies between graphical and analytic solutions. Technological reasons for the discrepancies are discussed.