We introduce the Into Math Graph tool, which students use to graph how “into" mathematics they are over time. Using this tool can help teachers foster conversations with students and design experiences that focus on engagement from the student’s perspective.

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### Amanda K. Riske, Catherine E. Cullicott, Amanda Mohammad Mirzaei, Amanda Jansen, and James Middleton

### Rebecca Vinsonhaler and Alison G. Lynch

This article focuses on students use and understanding of counterexamples and is part of a research project on the role of examples in proving. We share student interviews and offer suggestions for how teachers can support student reasoning and thinking and promote productive struggle by incorporating counterexamples into the classroom.

### Aaron M. Rumack and DeAnn Huinker

Capturing students' own observations before solving a problem propelled a culture of sense making by meeting needs typical of middle school learners.

### Lee Melvin M. Peralta

One of the many benefits of teaching mathematics is having the opportunity to encounter unexpected mathematical connections while planning lessons or exploring ideas with students and colleagues. Consider the two problems in **figure 1**.

### Low Chee Soon

Use freedom of choice to promote students' mathematical flexibility.

### Karen D. Campe

There is a distinction between using technology as a tool for doing mathematical tasks and using it to develop conceptual understanding (Dick and Hollebrands 2011). In this article, the table feature of the TI-84 Plus graphing calculator is used in the second role, enabling students to participate in the reasoning and sense-making process. This article showcases four classroom activities that use tables as a dynamic tool for inquiry, applying numerical representations to algebraic, graphical, and geometric phenomena. Although these activities are presented using the TI-84 Plus CE graphing calculator, other calculator and computer platforms can be employed; see the Teacher Guide in **more4U** for details.

### Peter Wiles, Travis Lemon, and Alessandra King

Students move from slides, flips, and turns into reasoning about the characteristics of rigid transformations.