Process-oriented, question-asking techniques provide a framework for approaching modern challenges, including modality pivots and student agency.
Madelyn W. Colonnese
A teacher implements this type of personal prose in the classroom to help students make sense of fractions and communicate ideas.
Min Wang, Candace Walkington, and Koshi Dhingra
An example of an after-school club activity gives educators some tools and suggestions to implement such an approach in their schools.
The questions that teachers ask to elicit student reasoning—often referred to as press for reasoning—help students explicate the concepts and principles that undergird their strategies. This article describes the term, addresses its benefits and challenges, and offers three routines.
Susan Ahrendt, Debra Monson, and Kathleen Cramer
Examine fourth graders’ thinking about the unit, partitioning, order, and equivalence on the number line and consider ways to orchestrate mathematical discussions through the Five Practices.
Kathryn O’Connor, Emma Dearborne, and Tutita M. Casa
A version of math workshop centrally positions students to inquire mathematically.
Cory A. Bennett and Mick J. Morgan
Chalk Talks, a silent discussion protocol, can be used to begin developing cocreated norms. The insights gained shaped the support provided by both the teacher and students throughout the year.
Deborah M. Thompson and A. Susan Gay
This article provides actionable steps and tools for teachers to use to promote student discourse while teaching multiplication fact strategies.
Katherine Baker, Naomi A. Jessup, Victoria R. Jacobs, Susan B. Empson, and Joan Case
Productive struggle is an essential part of mathematics instruction that promotes learning with deep understanding. A video scenario is used to provide a glimpse of productive struggle in action and to showcase its characteristics for both students and teachers. Suggestions for supporting productive struggle are provided.