In this article, mathematics classrooms are conceptualized as heterogeneous spaces in which multiple figured worlds come into contact. The study explores how a group of high school students drew upon several figured worlds as they navigated mathematical discussions. Results highlight 3 major points. First, the students drew on 2 primary figured worlds: a mathematics learning figured world and a figured world of friendship and romance. Both of these figured worlds were racialized and gendered, and were actively constructed and contested by the students. Second, these figured worlds offered resources for 1 African American student, Dawn, to position herself powerfully within classroom hierarchies. Third, these acts of positioning allowed Dawn to engage in mathematical practices such as conjecturing, clarifying ideas, and providing evidence.

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### Indigo Esmonde and Jennifer M. Langer-Osuna

### Timothy S. McKeny and Gregory D. Foley

Engage children in literature to pique their interest in quantity concepts, develop their fluency in measurement processes, and establish their quantitative literacy.

## Teaching with Technology and iBooks Author

### a good idea in a small package

### Cindy Parrott and Ken Holvig

iBooks Author, an Apple app, can be used successfully when writing in math class.

### Kasi C. Allen

Collaboration in the mathematics classroom contributes to student learning as well as strengthened preparation for twenty-first-century professions. However, facilitating group work with teenage students can prove challenging. Three strategies for success are establishing a supportive classroom culture; structuring groups and tasks; and nurturing the effort.

### P. Janelle McFeetors

Communication within the mathematics classroom has captured the interest of mathematics educators over several decades. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Standards publications (1989, 1991, 2000) highlight communication as one of the fundamental strands in mathematical processes. Although research has investigated students' written mathematics work (e.g., Masingila & Prus-Wisniowska, 1996; Mason & McFeetors, 2002; Pugalee, 2004), considerable focus has also been given to understanding effective spoken discourse patterns within the mathematics classroom (e.g., Hufferd-Ackles, Fuson, & Sherin, 2004; Lampert & Blunk, 1998; Nathan & Knuth, 2003). Pimm (1994) argues that focusing on “the form and structure of spoken interactions between mathematics teachers and pupils” (p. 134) can inform the way in which classroom discourse is shaped. He encourages the use of discourse analysis as one way of making sense of questions that address the what, how, and why of teachers' forms of language in teaching mathematics. Increasingly, studies using discourse analysis are being used to describe effective classroom communicative practices (e.g., Bills, 2000; Gresalfi, Martin, Hand, & Greeno, 2009; Truxaw & DeFranco, 2008; Zolkower & Shreyar, 2007).

### Danielle S. Legnard and Susan L. Austin

A first-grade teacher demonstrates how to serve up this model of inquiry-based instruction in any classroom.

### Kelly Cline, Jean McGivney-Burelle, and Holly Zullo

Voting in the classroom can engage students and promote discussion. All you need is a good set of questions.

### Laura R. Van Zoest and Shari L. Stockero

We draw on research into the durability of sociomathematical and professional norms to make a case for attending to productive norms in teacher education experiences. We illustrate that productive norms have the potential to support teacher learning by (a) improving teachers' own mathematical understanding, particularly of specialized content knowledge; (b) supporting teachers to productively view and analyze classroom practice; (c) providing teachers an experiential basis for thinking about fostering productive norms in their classrooms; and (d) helping teachers to develop professional dispositions that support continued learning from practice. This work points to the importance of intentionally considering the norms cultivated in teacher education experiences, assessing their productivity, and strategically focusing on those that provide the best support for teacher learning.

### Randall E. Groth

Teachers of grades Pre-K-8 are charged with the responsibility of developing children's statistical thinking. Hence, strategies are needed to foster statistical knowledge for teaching (SKT). This report describes how writing prompts were used as an integral part of a semester-long undergraduate course focused on building SKT. Writing prompts were designed to help assess and develop the subject matter knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge of prospective teachers. The methods used to design the prompts are described. Responses to a sample prompt are provided to illustrate how the writing prompts served as tools for formative assessment. Pretests and posttests indicated that prospective teachers developed both SKT and knowledge of introductory college-level statistics during the course. It is suggested that teacher educators employ and refine the prompts in their own courses, as the method used for writing and assessing the prompts is applicable to a broad range of statistics and mathematics courses for teachers.

### Sarah D. Ledford, Mary L. Garner, and Angela L. Teachey

Interesting solutions and ideas emerge when preservice and in-service teachers are asked a traditional algebra question in new ways.