Postscript items are designed as rich grab-and-go resources that any teacher can quickly incorporate into his or her classroom repertoire with little effort and maximum impact. Increase mathematical confidence by creating ways for students to show they are “smart” in math through Smartness Wordles™, collections of words in graphic representation.

Contributor Notes

Imani Masters Goffney,, is an assistant professor at the University of Maryland in College Park. Her work involves empowering elementary school teachers in developing ambitious and equitable teaching practices as well as understanding how issues of race, culture, and social class intersect with students' opportunities for learning mathematics.

Edited by Theodore (Teddy) Chao,, an assistant professor of mathematics education at The Ohio State University in Columbus. Submit your quick game, puzzle, activity, or instructional strategy along with suggestions for how teachers of different grade bands (K–1, 2–3, 4–6) can use this idea. Send submissions of no more than 250 words to this department by accessing See detailed submission guidelines for all departments at

(Corresponding author is Goffney
(Corresponding author is Chao
Teaching Children Mathematics
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